Category Archives: Scott Edwards

Indonesia’s empowered military: hedging and trust in interstate relations

In the growing literature about how to identify the presence or absence of trust, Keating and Ruzicka have written an extremely persuasive paper on the role of hedging as an indicator of a trusting relationship[1]. Whilst the article provides an extremely important framework for analysing the dimension of hedging as an indicator of trusting relationships, however, it highlights a common problematic occurrence in the analysis of trust; the assumption that states are the primary referent for trust, and that states as a whole are responsible for any hedging behaviour.

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R2P’s future in Southeast Asia: In need of reconceptualisation

Commitment to the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) therefore provides ASEAN with a major pathway toward realizing its vision of a caring and sharing community

Surin Pitsuwan, former Secretary General of ASEAN, 09/09/14

‘[R2P] won’t work, and you are condemning ASEAN. You are giving ASEAN a kiss of death’

Surin Pitsuwan (in reference to Cyclone Nargis), then Secretary General of ASEAN, 2008,

In the first seminar of the 2014-2015 ICCS Seminar Series, Justin Morris, University of Hull, argued for the curtailing of the UNSC veto when it comes to R2P. With regional organisations seen as being potential partners to the UN in regards to R2P, I want to explore under what circumstances R2P might have a future in ASEAN.

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